Category: fudyajda

An error in ice-temperature measurement

first_imgAn analysis is made of the disturbance in conductive heat flow caused by drilling a bore hole in ice in which there is a vertical temperature gradient. The model used is that of a perfectly insulating hole placed in a linear temperature gradient; it is shown that the temperature measured at the bottom of the hole deviates from its value before drilling by an amount of order —0.6aU where a is the bore-holt radius and U is the temperature gradient. The deviation takes effect in a few hours. The error is typically between 0.005 and 0.1 deg and is therefore significant only where very high accuracy is required. It should not be present in temperate glaciers, nor where the thermometer is properly frozen in, nor if temperatures are measured at the bore-hole walls far above the bottom.last_img read more

Oxford welcomes spring in May Day celebrations

first_img8,000 revellers participated in Oxford’s traditional May Day celebrations on Friday morning. Students and locals alike gathered on Magdalen Bridge to listen to Magdalen College choir sing Latin hymn ‘Te Deum patrem colimus’ at 6am.The event was accompanied by heightened safety measures in an attempt to discourage those attending from traditional jumping into the river. The bridge was closed to traffic for three hours and more than 30 police officers were drafted in to control the crowds.Supt Andy Murray, Area Commander said, “We had 30 police officers who were on duty throughout the night and early morning. They worked closely with the ambulance service, fire service and stewards who were there to ensure the public’s safety. There were no injuries and only one person was arrested for a minor public order offence.”However, around a dozen participants dived into the river Cherwell after traffic was resumed and police left the scene.The peculiar atmosphere of the day was felt by those attending. Hugh Trimble, staff at the University careers service described the morning, “In the centre of Oxford we had the usual sweet-voiced choirboys and bedraggled all-night ball-goers, a man dressed as a tree, and more morris dancers than you could shake a stick at.”For many students it was the first time they participated in May Day celebrations.Jan Deeg, first year Arabic student commented, “At the time I was really annoyed because I stayed up all night. But when I went there it was the best atmosphere. It was good to see Oxford from another side…the romantic, the poetic one. The performance itself was a bit of disappointment as the audio quality wasn’t that good and I couldn’t see much. But because it was such an Oxford thing, I was happy to attend.”Many appreciated the opportunity to celebrate with the locals. Kei Hamada, St John’s student said, “Although I hadn’t been planning on it the previous night, I’m glad I made it to Magdalen to hear the choir – seeing everyone flocking towards the tower was bizarre, and it was a rare moment where town and gown were really enjoying themselves together.”For some, May Day was an unforgettable experience. One member of Magdalen’s choir said, “Singing on the tower was exciting. It was amazing to finish singing and hear all the cheers from so far below. Although it was slightly scary when the bells started ringing and the tower started to sway.”last_img read more

EPA Announces Revised Interim Decision for M-44 Predator Control Devices

first_imgDecision Includes New Restrictions And Revisions That Will Better Protect Public Health And Non-Target Animals From Accidental Exposurethe U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing a more protective interim decision on sodium cyanide, the compound used in M-44 devices to control certain wild predators, primarily coyotes, as part of the re-registration review process required by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. After a careful review of the available information and extensive engagement with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), EPA is issuing a revised interim decision on sodium cyanide that includes new requirements to ensure the continued safe use of the device. The agency’s new requirements enhance protections by adding increased distances for device placement.“EPA appreciates the commitment from USDA to work with the agency to ensure that there are safe and effective tools for farmers and ranchers to protect livestock,” said EPA Assistant Administrator for the Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention Alexandra Dunn. “Through our discussions, we identified new restrictions that will raise awareness and create additional buffers around where M-44s are placed, which will reduce the potential for unintended impacts on humans, pets, and other non-target animals.”“We rely on a variety of tools and techniques to meet our public service mission in the safest and most effective manner possible,” said Greg Ibach, Under Secretary for USDA’s Marketing and Regulatory Programs mission area. “The M-44 plays an important role in achieving that mission by protecting livestock and threatened and endangered species and helping to stop the spread of disease. I appreciate EPA’s recognition of that role and consideration of our input throughout this process.”“NASDA appreciates the EPA’s continued steps to prioritize public safety and support American ranchers, as M-44 is an essential tool for guarding our nation’s livestock. NASDA members hold highly the responsibility of ensuring the viability of American ranches, therefore, improved guidelines for safety measures are always welcomed,” said the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture CEO Dr. Barbara P. Glenn.“M-44s are an important tool for livestock producers and we applaud Administrator Wheeler and his team at EPA working with USDA to ensure that ranchers maintain access to this predator control device,” said Public Lands Council President Bob Skinner“We sincerely appreciate USDA and EPA working together to ensure livestock producers have access to effective predator control, while also increasing public awareness and transparency,” said American Sheep Industry Association President Benny Cox. “Livestock producers face heavy losses from predators, amounting to more than $232 million in death losses annually. We are particularly vulnerable during lambing and calving, where we see the worst predation.”“NCBA, and many of our affiliates such as the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association, appreciate EPA’s decision to retain the use of this important tool. Livestock producers have to contend with predation of livestock on a daily basis and having access to every tool in the toolbox allows our ranchers to continue to protect the herd,” said Ethan Lane, Vice President of Government Affairs, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Elkhart woman charged for having THC in her blood at time of crash

first_img Twitter Google+ (“My Trusty Gavel” by Brian Turner, CC BY 2.0) An Elkhart woman is facing charges in a crash that seriously injured her 13-year-old passenger. Following a state lab test on her blood, prosecutors have charged 19-year-old Brianna Rucker for operating a vehicle under the influence.The crash in July led to her passenger, an unidentified 13-year-old girl, being ejected from the vehicle. That girl suffered skull and elbow fractures and had to be taken to Riley Children’s Hospital in Indianapolis for treatment. Test results determined that Rucker had THC in her system when the crash happened. The Elkhart Truth reports she told police that she was not high at the time of the crash, but had smoked the day before. Previous articleCity of Goshen passes bonus for MayorNext articleGovernor Holcomb outlines 2021 Next Level legislative agenda Carl Stutsman WhatsApp IndianaLocalNews Pinterest By Carl Stutsman – December 17, 2020 0 388 Pinterest Elkhart woman charged for having THC in her blood at time of crash Twitter Google+ Facebook WhatsApp Facebooklast_img read more

It’s Arts First at Harvard

first_imgSpring at Harvard typically signifies Commencement, but before those robed scholars dart off into the wider world, the annual Arts First Festival happens.For four days, this year from April 29 to May 2, Arts First invades the sidewalks of Harvard Square and 43 venues across campus, with hundreds of student performers and arts opportunities. Sponsored by the Office for the Arts (OfA), the festival boasts everything from the eclectic to the outlandish, with something for kids and adults alike.Consider the ever-popular Sunken Garden Children’s Theater, which this year takes “The Ugly Ducking” to new heights during an outdoor performance by zany undergraduates. Not your cup of tea? What about “Fat Men in Skirts!!!?!,” which, according to the OFA Web site, is “a dark comedy by Nicky Silver that will make you rethink the nature of monkeys!!!?!” Yes, that’s the play’s actual description. Too avant-something? The Radcliffe Dramatic Club updates and revitalizes “Godspell.”And then there’s music, sweet music. Goodbye Horses rocks the Cambridge Queen’s Head Pub; the Harvard College Madrigal Singers appear at Adolphus Busch Hall; and bluegrass from the Harvard College American Music Association will echo through the Yard. And those are just a few of the offerings.Kicking off the festival is the presentation of the Harvard Arts Medal to Catherine Lord ’70 by President Drew Faust inside New College Theatre at 5 p.m. today (April 29).Lord, a visual artist, writer, and curator who addresses issues of feminism, cultural politics, and colonialism, is the 17th distinguished Harvard or Radcliffe alum or faculty member to receive this accolade for excellence in the arts and contributions to education and the public good through arts. Past medalists have included poet John Ashbery ’49, composer John Adams ’69, M.A. ’72, cellist Yo-Yo Ma ’76, filmmaker Mira Nair ’79, and saxophonist Joshua Redman ’91.Best of all? It’s mostly free. For a complete schedule and ticketing information, visit the Arts First calendar online.last_img read more

Off to preschool

first_imgIf you answered yes to these questions, your child may be readyfor preschool, Bales said.PracticeYou can help your child practice school skills at home by: Practicing tying shoes, getting dressed and cleaning up aftermeals and playtime.Giving the child simple directions like setting the table orlaying out clothes for the next day. Focus on developing confidence, too, Bales said. Children whofeel good about themselves are less afraid to ask questions ortry to solve problems.Knowing other children in the class may make the child feelcomfortable that first day. Find out who will be in your child’sclass and introduce them. Or gain an edge, as Amy Fudger did withMatthew, by enrolling your child in a program that has childrenhe already knows.Program choicesNot all preschool programs are the same. Mother’s-morning-outprograms tend to be less structured, with more play time, thansome preschool learning programs.”The youngest children may do best in a less structured program,where most of their time is spent in free play,” Bales said.A shorter program, she said, may work better for a very youngchild.Older toddlers and preschoolers may be ready for a morestructured program that includes organized group activities. Theymay be ready to spend a half day or full day at preschool.”But even a more structured preschool program should includeplenty of time devoted to indoor and outdoor play,” Bales said.Children should have chances to choose activities and explore ontheir own or with other children, she said.Getting an edgeSchool success can start before children leave home. Make surethey’re rested, nourished and protected. Parents can provideearly learning at home through reading, singing, dancing orplaying.”Young children learn best through hands-on experience,” shesaid, “by seeing, doing, touching, feeling and acting things out.Play truly is young children’s ‘work.'”Children have more time for play if the television is off.”Television can certainly be entertaining, and certain shows canhelp children learn,” Bales said. “The problem is that televisionis a passive activity. Children don’t have to do anything but sitand watch.”Parents should decide in advance what shows to watch, she said.They should watch shows with the children and discuss what theysee together, and turn off the TV when shows are over.Starting school is a big step for parents and children.”Little steps can make starting school easier and a betterexperience for children and parents,” Bales said.(Faith Peppers is a news editor with the University of GeorgiaCollege of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.) Sit quietly for short periods?Follow two- and three-step directions?Cooperate, take turns and occasionally solve disagreementswith other children?Eat lunch, use the bathroom and dress himself independently?Explore his environment safely?Feel confident of his abilities? By Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaLittle Matthew Fudger, 2, stood shyly next to his mother andpeeked into his new classroom from the hallway of PresbyterianPreschool and Kindergarten in Roswell, Ga. He wasn’t sure hewanted to go in.”Let’s go inside,” his mother Amy said. After a few minutes, hefinally did, making the giant leap into being a preschool kid.A preschool program can prepare children to better play andinteract with others and solve problems, said Diane Bales, anExtension child development specialist in the University ofGeorgia College of Family and Consumer Sciences.”Even very young children can learn a lot by playing with otherchildren,” she said. “And a positive preschool experience canhelp children be excited about learning when they begin school.”Getting readyBut that first day, or those first few weeks, can be a toughadjustment for preschool children.Here’s a basic checklist to gauge your child’s school-readiness.Does your child:last_img read more

Berger: NCUA must protect credit unions’ data

first_img 6SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr NAFCU President and CEO Dan Berger said NCUA’s reported loss of sensitive personal and financial data from a credit union in Palm Springs, Calif., is “unacceptable” and pressed the agency to review what happened and to be open about how it will prevent a recurrence.“NCUA is a steward of credit unions’ sensitive information and must be held to the highest standard for safeguarding such data,” said Berger. “These types of errors have the ability to do great harm to credit unions’ reputations and their members’ financial well-being. We charge NCUA with taking all steps necessary to review their processes in a transparent way to ensure this type of mistake does not happen again.”Credit Union Times reported Monday that the agency confirmed its examiner lost an external flash drive containing names, addresses, Social Security numbers and account numbers of members during an examination of Palm Springs Federal Credit Union. An NCUA spokesman is quoted saying the thumb drive contained no PINs and that there has been no indication of any unauthorized access to members’ accounts or efforts to gain such access. continue reading »last_img read more

Quarantines or not, Americans descend on summer vacation spots

first_imgIn the New Mexico mountain resort of Red River, tourists from Texas stroll along Main Street, most disregarding Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham’s orders they quarantine and wear masks.It’s the same in other New Mexican tourist towns such as Taos and Santa Fe, except nearly all their visitors wear face coverings – surrounded by signs warning of fines if they don’t.Like governors in at least 15 states, Lujan Grisham has ordered out-of-state tourists to self-isolate, citing data that about one in 10 of New Mexico’s spiking COVID-19 cases comes from visitors. ‘Taking away our liberty’New Mexico published newspaper ads in neighboring Arizona and Texas, states respectively reporting 27% and 18% positive coronavirus test rates, urging their residents not to visit. Health experts consider a 5% rate to be worrisome.But tourists keep coming.”I think it’s bullshit. They’re saying the masks should work, so why should you be quarantined?” said Chris Fry, 59, a feed company manager from Dimmitt, Texas, staying in his cabin near Red River and stopping in town for ice before going fishing.A 45-minute drive south in Taos plaza, Louisiana tourist Christy Brasiel was frustrated the historic Native American Pueblo was closed to visitors and compared Lujan Grisham’s rules to “communism or socialism.””They’re taking away our liberty,” said Brasiel, 49, staying in an Airbnb rental to avoid her voluntary quarantine order enforced by local hotels that turn away out-of-state visitors.As in cities across New Mexico, police in Red River have yet to issue citations for non-compliance to COVID-19 rules, said Mayor Linda Calhoun, a Republican, adding that she is encouraging businesses to require masks.”We live off of tourists, that’s all we have, so it’s very difficult for us to enforce the order,” Calhoun said of the quarantine rule in her town nicknamed “Little Texas” for the number of visitors from that state.Many locals in Taos County, where COVID-19 cases have doubled in the last month, are dismayed by the rule breaking.”It doesn’t make any sense to be so selfish,” said lawyer Maureen Moore, 67.”We don’t want you here”Only three weeks ago, as outbreaks raged across the US Sunbelt, New Mexico reported stable or declining daily cases.A poor state with limited hospital capacity, New Mexico used early, tough restrictions to curb the pandemic.But with its positive test rate rising above 4%, Lujan Grisham has scolded New Mexicans for letting down their guard since she eased restrictions on June 1, and on Monday reclosed indoor restaurant dining.On a shortlist as a running mate to presumptive Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden, Lujan Grisham has also rounded on tourism, the state’s second-largest industry.”We don’t want you here now,” she told potential visitors in a July 9 press briefing, taking special aim at Texans. “I want you to stay in Texas.”Lujan Grisham said New Mexico State Police would “aggressively” enforce her quarantine and mask orders. The force has handed out 13 verbal warnings for mask violations but none for quarantine non-compliance, a spokeswoman said on Monday.The rules are piling pandemic pain on businesses in the state. Standing outside his Red River supermarket, business owner Ted Calhoun said Lujan Grisham had gone too far. “Ordering visitors to do a 14-day quarantine is killing the tourist industry of New Mexico,” said Calhoun, the mayor’s husband.Topics : Enforcing the orders is proving difficult, given the lack of a national plan, police reluctance to take on the massive task, and Americans’ penchant for driving hundreds or thousands of miles to vacation, even in a pandemic.A US road trip this summer means navigating through a patchwork of quarantine regulations across various states, most of them voluntary.New York, New Jersey and Connecticut require travelers from 19 states with high COVID-19 infection rates to self-quarantine for two weeks upon arrival. New York imposes fines. Hard-hit Florida requires travelers from those three states to self-isolate for 14 days whether arriving by plane or car, or face a $500 fine.Kansas, Maine, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Vermont all have varying self-isolation rules.last_img read more

Brazil, hotbed for COVID-19 vaccine testing, may struggle to produce its own

first_imgBrazilian officials say they can start making COVID-19 vaccines developed by British and Chinese researchers within a year. Experts say it will take at least twice as long, leaving Brazil reliant on imports to slow the world’s second-worst outbreak.If Brazil’s underfunded medical institutions are unable to meet their ambitious goals, it would mark the latest failure by President Jair Bolsonaro’s government to control the virus. It would also leave Brazil vulnerable to a frenzied global scramble for vaccine supplies.Some of the most advanced COVID-19 vaccine candidates – including from AstraZeneca Plc in partnership with Oxford University, and China’s Sinovac Biotech Ltd – are undergoing large clinical trials in Brazil, which has more than 2.7 million reported cases and almost 95,000 deaths, second only to the United States. Researchers can get results faster by testing vaccines where active virus spread is rampant. As part of their agreements with Brazilian authorities, AstraZeneca and Sinovac have promised the federal government and the Sao Paulo state government, respectively, tens of millions of doses of their potential vaccines. They also pledged to transfer technology so Brazil can eventually produce them domestically at leading biomedical institutes Fiocruz, in Rio de Janeiro, and Butantan, in Sao Paulo.The institutes say production of new vaccines will begin by the middle of 2021. Brazil’s federal government has said it will invest 1.9 billion reais ($355 million) to process and produce the AstraZeneca vaccine.But three experts told Reuters money alone would not be enough, saying it could take between two and 10 years for Brazil to produce COVID-19 vaccines, due to the difficulty of transferring technology and years of under-investment in the two production facilities.”It’s impossible,” José Gomes Temporão, a former Brazilian health minister, said of the 2021 goal. “This takes a long time. Maybe they can accelerate a bit, but not that much.” A former head of federal health regulator Anvisa, who asked not to be named to avoid professional conflicts, also doubted Brazil could become self sufficient in a timely manner.”A tech transfer process lasts five to 10 years, on average. When Brazil has the complete technology, a COVID-19 vaccine will probably not be necessary anymore,” the ex-Anvisa head said, adding that Brazil is likely to have to purchase vaccines rather than produce them domestically, for the foreseeable future.Brazil’s Health Ministry said such predictions are premature and will depend on vaccine trial results. But officials have admitted the announced timeline may be hard to attain.”Although it seems remote, there is a possibility of delay in the development of the vaccine,” Elcio Franco, Brazil’s No.2 public health official, told reporters on Monday.Sao Paulo’s state government, Fiocruz, Butantan, AstraZeneca and Sinovac did not respond to requests for comment.Expensive gambleBrazil’s state and federal governments are discussing additional late-stage coronavirus vaccine trials with US drugmaker Pfizer Inc, China’s Sinopharm Group and Russian diplomats.But they quickly made big bets on the first two candidates to start testing in the country from AstraZeneca and Sinovac.The Sinovac deal obliges Butantan to invest 85 million reais ($16 million) to conduct trials of the Chinese vaccine. In exchange, the Sao Paulo government, which runs Butantan, will get enough doses to vaccinate 60 million people.The federal government’s memorandum of understanding with AstraZeneca requires it to buy 30 million doses of its still-unproven vaccine at a cost of $97 million, even if it fails in pivotal trials. The deal gives Brazil priority to buy 70 million more doses if the vaccine works.As part of that deal, Brazil pledged to invest 1.9 billion reais to produce the vaccine. About 1.3 billion will go toward technology transfer, and 95 million reais for updating Fiocruz facilities. The rest will be spent on processing the vaccine.The former Anvisa chief questioned Brazil’s big bet.”I really think these agreements are too risky vis-a-vis the investment,” said the source. “What will happen if the Phase III [trial] shows that these vaccines are not effective?”Brazil’s government has hedged its bets by joining the World Health Organization’s COVAX initiative, which intends to guarantee fast and equitable global access to COVID-19 vaccines, and aims to deliver 2 billion doses by the end of 2021.”The idea,” said a Health Ministry source not authorized to speak publicly, “is not to put all our eggs in one basket.”Topics :last_img read more

Three foodie YouTube trends that tell us what shoppers are really interested in during lockdown

first_imgWe normally see viewers return to gardening-related videos in spring, as they start returning to their gardens. This year, however, average daily views of videos related to gardening increased over 90% through July compared to last year. Viewership of these videos saw a sharp increase as lockdown was imposed.Organic gardener Huw Richards’ The 6 ultimate vegetables to grow for self-sufficiency is illustrative of what kind of gardening content people were watching in the UK and all over the world. Out of a desire for self-sufficiency, many people watched videos about growing vegetables. They also watched videos related to container gardening and regenerating vegetables. This focus on producing what one needs aligns with the desire to reduce one’s impact on the environment. Viewers also had an increased interest in compost, as demonstrated by the 150% increase in views of videos on this subject this year. It’s a nice correlation to the increase in gardening viewership and an indication of increased interest in reducing waste by returning food to the soil from which it came.Viewers want to do more with less Of course, growing all of one’s food isn’t feasible for most. People have never stopped buying groceries, but a shift in what people did with their groceries once they bought them may also reflect a shift towards sustainable behaviours.Average daily views of videos related to recipes with “pantry” or “leftovers” in the title have more than doubled through July of this year, compared to last year.The popularity of these videos, like Sam the Cooking Guy’s collection of fast and easy pantry recipes, reflect a desire to get more out of what one already has. The increase in viewership of these videos aligned closely with the onset of lockdown, so necessity may have driven the trend, but the resulting behaviour aligns with a sustainable culture. Viewers want to go meat-free Sustainability culture can be seen in a number of different content trends on YouTube. See the #vanlife creators who live life on the road while reducing their impact on the environment, or the zero-waste community that shares tips for living life as waste-free as possible. This year, in the UK, we have seen a marked increase in sustainability trends related to the things we eat. Here’s my pick of the top trends we’re seeing:Viewers give gardening a green thumbs-up center_img Vegetarianism and veganism are also seen as a way to reduce impact on the environment by being mindful of what one eats. In the UK, views of videos related to recipes with “vegan” or “vegetarian” in the title have topped 45 million views this year, showing there is an appetite for dining in a way that is mindful of what that meal means to the world – an appetite that can be slaked through recipes like those provided in Rachel Ama’s Ultimate vegan toasted sandwiches video.Taken together, these trends suggest people are not just watching what they eat – they’re also watching how it’s grown and what happens to it after they’re done, and many see this behaviour as the path from our kitchens to our sustainable futures.last_img read more