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Without Integrity, There Is No Science

first_imgScience continues facing a crisis in credibility, leaving Big Science institutions scrambling for solutions.Any college student has likely walked through aisles upon aisles of scholarly science journals, bound into thick volumes. The library stores the collective findings of thousands of research scientists. Now imagine a day when half the reports are fakes or frauds, and there is no way to tell which are real. Such an eventuality would render the library useless. A civilization with that kind of legacy would have to start over from scratch, insisting on high standards of a non-scientific criterion: integrity.The following articles, briefly noted here, point to a crisis in trustworthiness of scientists and their institutions. No longer can Big Science dish out findings for public consumption with presumptive authority, promising that peer review has earned them their trust. Everyone needs to buck up and show why the public should trust what they deliver. They also show that scientific methods and traditions are malleable under heat and pressure. What happens, though, when most of them are evolutionists?Evolution of integrity? Since Darwin’s second major book, The Descent of Man, his followers have appealed to natural and sexual selection to explain human moral traits. A recent example from PNAS by Adam Bear and David Rand is about “Intuition, deliberation, and the evolution of cooperation.” Those are certainly required in a scientific community. Alas, “Our model offers a clear explanation for why we should expect deliberation to promote selfishness rather than cooperation,” they say. If evolution rewards defectors from the “seemingly altruistic behavior” of cooperation, what’s really going on in those science conferences? If it’s only “seemingly altruistic,” it’s an illusion produced by blind forces of nature.Tackling the credibility crisis in science: That’s PhysOrg‘s headline for a piece about an initiative by the Public Library of Science (PLoS) to improve credibility by doing “research on research.” “Widespread failure to reproduce research results has triggered a crisis of confidence in research findings, eroding public trust in scientific methodology.” This follows on the heels of work by John Ioannidis (10/29/14), who “found very poor reproducibility and transparency standards across the board.” Scientists behaved badly. “Specifically, the vast majority of studies did not share their data, did not provide protocols, claimed to report novel findings rather than replications, and did not mention funding or conflicts of interest.” What was it we imagined about those aisles of books in the library?Nature reports that a fake research paper got published with the editor’s knowledge in the Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice as a satire on “evidence-based literature” and randomized controlled trials. Not everyone caught the joke, even though the title should have been obvious: “Maternal kisses are not effective in alleviating minor childhood injuries (boo-boos): a randomized, controlled and blinded study.” Some complained that the paper should have been “clearly labelled as satirical.”Cashin’ in: Science Magazine reports on the new fad of “transparency” and the need for reproducibility of scientific research. Psychologist Brian Nosek is using a carrot method to promote better behavior by scientists: offering them money to describe their experiments before running them. Maybe that will direct their evolved “seemingly altruistic behavior” (which is really Darwinian selfishness, according to the paper above) against its natural tendencies. What Nosek may have discovered is an infinite regress: “‘Can we find evidence of whether [preregistration] is yielding an increase in the credibility of the research?’ he asks. ‘That is a research question.‘” But then, who would test the credibility of that research? That is a research question, too, and so on, ad infinitum. Somewhere along the line, a researcher needs to be trustworthy by his or her character and personal integrity.Open journal trend.  Peer review is being reconsidered. Nature says, “Open journals that piggyback on arXiv gather momentum.” Cornell’s arXiv server plowed a new furrow years ago, letting scientists post their papers and get them peer reviewed afterward instead of before. Cosmologist Andrew King used it is a general lesson in scientific publishing: “‘Reliability — and particularly fairness — are very hard to guarantee,” he says, pointing out that the backing of long-lived organizations with a stake in the future of a field, such as learned societies, is often crucial to a journal’s success.”Dutch take the lead: Nature reports that the Dutch are taking the lead to open up their journals. All the mainstream journals have opened up more and more of their research papers to public online access, but the Netherlands is pushing for “making more papers free for all users as soon as they are published.” This cannot be welcome news for the publishers whose income relies on subscriptions. The trend is also having repercussions on universities, libraries, and researchers, but it is welcome to citizens whose taxes often pay for the research. It also decreases rivalries, increases transparency, and promotes rapid response. Nature is apparently waiting to see if this will become the international trend, even as their own open-access offerings have been on the rise. In a related piece in Nature, Virginia Gewin writes,It is a movement building steady momentum: a call to make research data, software code and experimental methods publicly available and transparent. A spirit of openness is gaining traction in the science community, and is the only way, say advocates, to address a ‘crisis’ in science whereby too few findings are successfully reproduced. Furthermore, they say, it is the best way for researchers to gather the range of observations that are necessary to speed up discoveries or to identify large-scale trends.What does this say about the situation heretofore? How bad was the lack of openness before now?Opacity, not transparency: PhysOrg gives a partial answer: “Poor transparency and reporting jeopardize the reproducibility of science.” How bad has it been? “Billions of dollars are wasted every year on research that cannot be reproduced,” the article concludes from two studies on biomedical literature, where widespread abuse of protocols was noted, such as the failure to declare conflicts of interest. “The findings of these two studies join a long list of concerns about bias and reporting in basic research.” The authors of one study give examples, but only rely on hope that things will get better. “We hope our survey will further sensitize scientists, funders, journals and other science-related stakeholders about the need to improve these indicators,” they said. If the incentives are all selfish from natural selection, though, why get sensitive about it?Listen up, those of you who have been taught Finagle’s Law, “Science is truth! Do not be misled by facts.” The “Scientific Method” (there is no such thing; see 3/11/15) is not an impartial, impersonal knowledge generator. You can’t turn a crank and watch knowledge pop out, when the one turning the crank is a crank himself.Nothing good can come from a corrupt source. Jesus said, “A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit” (Matthew 7:18). Why, then, do any fallen individuals sometimes come up with good scientific results? For one thing, even a broken clock is right twice a day. For another, they have to pretend to do right sometimes to avoid collapsing in their own corruption. Finally, it can get painful to deny moral reality all the time.The evil trees borrow fruit from the godly trees to hang on their own branches, but it isn’t produced from their own sap. Darwin planted a lot of trees flowing with his own toxic brew of sap that permeates his fruit. Anyone who eats it is a sap himself. 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Photo library: Buildings and structures 7

first_img{loadposition tc}Click on a thumbnail for a low-resolution image, or right-click on the link below it to download a high-resolution copy of the image.» Download Buildings & Structures contact sheet (1.1MB) » Download full image library contact sheet (10.5MB) Cape Town, Western Cape province: Inside the Cape Town International Convention Centre, in the city centre. Photo: Rodger Bosch, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Cape Town, Western Cape province: First National Bank offices displaying the 2010 Fifa World Cup logo, indicating that the bank is a national sponsor of the tournament, with Table Mountain behind. Photo: Rodger Bosch, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Cape Town, Western Cape province: Buildings in the commercial district. Photo: Rodger Bosch, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Cape Town, Western Cape province: The Baxter Theatre. Photo: Jeffrey Barbee, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com Download hi-res image Cape Town, Western Cape province: The historic clock tower at the Victoria and Albert Waterfront, South Africa’s most popular tourist destination. Photo: Rodger Bosch, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Cape Town, Western Cape province: The manor house at Groot Constantia, one of the oldest wine farms in the Cape winelands. Photo: Mary Alexander, MediaClubSouthAfrica.com » Download high-res image Western Cape province:The bell at Altydgedacht Wine Estate in the Durbanville Valley.Photo: Durbanville Wine Valley » Download high-res image Western Cape province: D’Aria Poplars restaurant in the Durbanville Valley.Photo: Durbanville Wine Valley » Download high-res image Western Cape province: The farmhouse at HillcrestEstate in the DurbanvilleValley.Photo: Durbanville Wine Valley » Download high-res image BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES 7: {loadposition bd}Having trouble downloading high-resolution images? Queries about the image library? Email Janine Erasmus at [email protected]last_img read more

Jennifer Nierva still learning to keep emotions in check

first_imgPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Jennifer Nierva. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netMANILA, Philippines—Jennifer Nierva had herself one heck of a turnaround.National University’s rookie libero was downtrodden when the Lady Bulldogs lost to Far Eastern University, 25-21, 25-19, 25-22, in their previous game in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament.ADVERTISEMENT Nierva tallied 30 excellent digs and 27 successful receptions in the game that ultimately eliminated the Lady Maroons from Final Four contention.NU, which was officially eliminated from the semifinal race several weeks prior, improved to a 4-9 record while the Lady Maroons dropped to 6-7 making way for University of Santo Tomas and Far Eastern University to lock up the last two Final Four spots.“When you’re a libero, you shouldn’t be emotional, you have to be steady always,” said Nierva. “Your attitude should always be straightforward to your teammates so you can always motivate them.”ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte MOST READ LATEST STORIES Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:19Magalong: Albayalde also got SUV out of ‘agaw bato’ operation in 201302:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anewcenter_img View comments Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Philippine Arena Interchange inaugurated PBA fines Christian Standhardinger, Calvin Abueva, Doug Kramer for Game 2 antics Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Nierva tallied just 12 excellent digs and 13 successful receptions and those numbers did not go well with the freshman as she left Filoil Flying V Center in tears.Just three days later, Nierva got back on the UAAP playing floor and completely showed University a defensive masterpiece in NU’s 25-21, 26-24, 17-25, 23-25, 17-15 victory Sunday at Mall of Asia Arena.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsNierva said it was unbecoming of her when she broke down after NU’s loss to FEU and that, as the team’s libero, she should always remain composed for her teammates.“I shouldn’t be like that,” said Nierva in Filipino. “As a libero you should always play with consistency especially I’m the only libero in the team. Even if I commit an error or if I did something wrong, I should be composed as possible.”last_img read more

9 months agoEx-Man Utd No2 Rui Faria takes Qatari job

first_imgEx-Man Utd No2 Rui Faria takes Qatari jobby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Manchester United assistant coach Rui Faria is taking a job in Qatar.The Sun says the 43-year-old, Jose Mourinho’s long-time assistant, left Manchester United last season to spend time with family and start a career as a No1.And the Special One’s right-hand man has flown out to the Middle East where he will put the finishing touches on a deal for his first big job.He looks set to join Qatari champions Al Duhail Sports Club, who have been looking for a manager after axing Tunisia World Cup coach Nabil Maaloul.Maaloul had his deal terminated by mutual consent and the club have been looking for a replacement. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

a month agoSouthampton defender Wesley Hoedt: I regret leaving Lazio

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Southampton defender Wesley Hoedt: I regret leaving Lazioby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton defender Wesley Hoedt regrets leaving Lazio.He is currently on loan at Belgian side Antwerp.Hoedt said, “I made a mistake [leaving Lazio]. I had a five-year contract with them. After two years, they offered to extend it for another five, with better conditions.“Italian football culture is very professional, but everyone wants to play in the best League in the world, the Premier League, and the Southampton offered me a contract that I couldn’t refuse.“Unfortunately, the club had two bad seasons and things didn’t go as I thought they would.” last_img read more

7 days agoRatcliffe: How I can sign Barcelona star Messi for Nice

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Ratcliffe: How I can sign Barcelona star Messi for Niceby Carlos Volcano7 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveEnglish billionaire Jim Ratcliffe says he wants to sign Lionel Messi for Nice.With tongue in cheek, Ratcliffe says it would be a dream come true to sign the Barcelona star – no matter his age.He told L’Equipe: “The player I would like to see in Nice? For me, the best player in the world is Lionel Messi. “If I can buy him? Maybe when he turns 45, but he will continue to score! “Bobby Charlton retired at age 47. Oh no, it was Stanley Matthews … He always said that his biggest regret was to have stopped too early!” last_img read more

Here’s How Every Conference Performed In The First Round Of The NCAA Tournament

first_imgNCAA basketballs sitting in a ball rack on the court.SUNRISE, FL – DECEMBER 21: NCAA basketballs in a rack on the court during the shoot-around proipr to the game between the Florida Gators and the Fresno State Bulldogs during the MetroPCS Orange Bowl Basketball Classic on December 21, 2013 at the BB&T Center in Sunrise, Florida. Florida defeated Fresno State 66-49. (Photo by Joel Auerbach/Getty Images)We’re 32 contests into the 2016 NCAA Tournament, and a few things are already clear. The ACC, after posting a 6-1 record in the first round, is headed for a stellar postseason. The Pac-12, meanwhile, after finishing just 2-5, isn’t getting much love from pundits. Other winners? The Big Ten posted a 5-3 mark, despite 2-seed Michigan State destroying everyone’s brackets after losing to 15-seed Middle Tennessee. The Big East put together a 4-1 record. The Missouri Valley finished 3-0.The losers? The Big 12’s top teams (Kansas, Oklahoma, Iowa State) survived, but West Virginia, Baylor, Texas Tech and Texas all faltered. The AAC wound up 1-3, with just UConn advancing. Here’s a list showing the record for every conference that got at least two bids. As noted, the ACC is top dog.Heading to Sat, conference standings…(multiple bids)ACC 6-1B1G, 5-3Beast, 4-1MVC, 3-0B12, 3-4SEC, 2-1A10, 2-1Pac-12, 2-5 AAC, 1-3— Adam Gold (@AGoldFan) March 19, 2016How will it look after the second round?last_img read more

The Rockets Are Finally Playing Their Game In The Playoffs

The strangest thing about the Houston Rockets’ 126-99 dismantling of the San Antonio Spurs on Monday night wasn’t the final score, or the Spurs’ bloodless play, or even the 50 3-pointers (and 22 makes) that Houston threw up in the game. Those were all unusual, but in the way that any one-off game in a seven-game series might be. For Rockets fans, however, the big change was that for once in the playoffs, the Rockets looked like the Rockets.Over the last four seasons,1The period for which we have player-tracking data for the league. Houston general manager Daryl Morey has built the NBA’s model of efficiency. The Rockets of the regular season adhere to the fundamental tenets of Moreyball: shooting threes, driving for layups and drawing fouls. Then the playoffs begin. That’s when Houston has gone off script and played the sort of inefficient basketball it’s built to avoid. It’s unlikely that the Rockets will play the rest of the series at the level they played Game 1 — the 27-point loss was the worst of the Spurs’ season. But however the series plays out, it’s progress that the Rockets have finally brought Rockets basketball to the playoffs. The biggest change has been in the number of threes the team gets. Over the previous three seasons, the Rockets led the league in 3-point attempt rate (the share of field-goal attempts that are 3-pointers) during the regular season before seeing significant dropoffs in the postseason. That’s particularly unusual, considering the playoff field as a whole had a higher rate in this span than the leaguewide regular-season rate.This season, the Rockets have seen a similar slide toward the mean. But they began with such an overwhelming cushion that although they’ve gone from 46.2 percent of their attempts being threes during the season to 40.3 being so in the playoffs, that 40.3 number would have led all teams during the regular season.It’s especially promising for the Rockets’ identity that they’ve continued to put up shots even though they haven’t been falling. In the Oklahoma City series, Houston shot 28 percent from three over five games and 169 attempts, including 6-for-37 in the series clincher. This was somewhat because of good coverage — the Thunder held the Rockets to 10 uncontested2No defender within 6 feet. threes per game, five fewer than their regular season average — but mostly it was just a cold spell that seems to have corrected itself. Against the Spurs in Game 1, the Rockets got 14 wide-open threes, right around their season average.Houston’s free-throw rate (a team’s number of free-throw attempts per field-goal attempt) hasn’t seen as consistent a downturn in the playoffs as its 3-pointers, but it’s fluctuated. The team has finished in the top two in each of the last four regular seasons, but the fouls dried up in its 2014 and 2016 playoff campaigns. Through six games this postseason, however, the team is drawing free throws at by far the highest rate in the field. read more

Hazard ranks Higuain as one of the best

first_imgEden Hazard feels the signing of Gonzalo Higuain from Milan is a no brainer ranking him as ‘one of the best’ strikers in the world.Higuain could only watch the Blues defeat Spurs via spot-kicks to reach the EFL Cup Final from the sidelines.And Hazard believes the former Napoli striker will be bringing something special to the table throughout the campaign.“Diego [Costa] was sometimes not the kind of player who you can play a 1-2 with, but in the box he was amazing, he would score a goal and you won, and at the end, you would have three points,” the Belgium forward was quoted as saying by Football Italia.“That’s what we need. So I think Higuain is this kind of player and he can also link with the wingers and the midfield, but he can also be the proper striker.“This season we are playing well, but sometimes we miss the one guy just to score one goal. So we had a couple of games, where we played well but we didn’t score.Welcome to Stamford Bridge, @G_Higuain! 🙌 #CHETOT pic.twitter.com/ykQJCPUQPW— Chelsea FC (@ChelseaFC) January 24, 2019Premier LeaguePremier League Betting: Match-day 5 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Going into the Premier League’s match-day five with a gap already beginning to form at the top of the league. We will take a…“We finished with zero goals, but we created a lot of chances, like against Tottenham. If you have a striker who can score three goals it finishes 5-1, but at the moment it is not the case. But Higuain can do that. He is a top striker who can score everywhere.“We all know that I like to play the give and go with my striker, so if the striker just goes deep, I am going to be in trouble, but Giroud understands this, that’s why I like to play with him.“We all know that, and I think Higuain is going to do the same, and of course he is a fantastic striker, he has scored a lot of goals, when you see his career, Madrid, Napoli, Juventus, he has always scored goals.Higuain after Chelsea beat Tottenham on penalties 💪 pic.twitter.com/dExtLHvfbj— SNM (@JackCook95) January 24, 2019“For me as a winger, you know I like to play with top players. With Chelsea, I had the chance to play with one of the best in Diego Costa for three years and I think Higuain is one of the best.“I also like to play with Olivier when he is playing, with Alvaro when he was playing. My position is more winger than number nine, but me, I just try to have fun with my striker, with the other winger, so when the striker is there it is good for me.”last_img read more

Salvation Army holds bellringing fundraiser

first_img 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsSAN DIEGO (KUSI) – With Christmas season starting, the Salvation Army Kroc Center held an all-star bell-ringing fundraiser at Fashion Valley Mall.Many volunteers rang their bells by the kettles including some familiar faces from KUSI.The fundraiser is apart of the Salvation Army’s Red Kettle Campaign to help serve food and toys to families in San Diego. Salvation Army holds bell-ringing fundraiser KUSI Newsroom, November 27, 2018 Posted: November 27, 2018 Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter KUSI Newsroom last_img read more